Ribonucleotide reductase M1 (RRM1) is an important molecule in different types of cancer. The objective of this study was to evaluate the predictive roles of RRM1 in the survival of patients with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma who received treatment with gemcitabine or nongemcitabine adjuvant therapy.
In total, 122 patients underwent tumor resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma at the authors' institution from October 1999 to December 2007. Total RNA was isolated from microdissected, paraffin-embedded tumors. RRM1 expression levels were measured using quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) and were dichotomized using recursive partitioning analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate overall survival and progression-free survival, and the predictive value of RRM1 expression on survival was examined using Cox proportional hazards regression.
RRM1 expression did not have significant prognostic value in the entire cohort regarding overall survival (P = .2) or progression-free survival (P = .7). In the subgroup of 44 patients who received adjuvant gemcitabine, patients who had low RRM1 expression had longer overall survival (median, 47.8 months vs 14.1 months; P = .005) and a trend toward longer progression-free survival (median not reached vs 12.9 months; P = .06). In contrast, in the subgroup of 35 patients who received nongemcitabine adjuvant therapy, patients who had high RRM1 expression had significantly longer overall survival (median, 41.9 months vs 19.8 months; P = .01) and progression-free survival (median, 70.0 months vs 11.8 months; P = .04). These results were confirmed in Cox proportional hazards multivariable analysis.
In patients with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma, low RRM1 expression in the tumor predicted an overall survival benefit of adjuvant gemcitabine; and high RRM1 expression predicted the survival benefit of nongemcitabine adjuvant therapy. Cancer 2013. © 2012 American Cancer Society.