A 78-year-old Japanese woman with rheumatoid arthritis was admitted to our hospital due to fever. She had been prescribed prednisolone and bucillamine. Computed tomography revealed abscesses on extremities. M. intracellulare was cultured from her calcaneus osteomyelitis, and this result pointed to a disseminated mycobacterial infection. We drained the abscesses and found M. intracellulare. We started antimycobacterial agents, but the patient died finally. Disseminated mycobacterial infection is rare but critical, and the possibility of such an infection in an immunocompromised patient should be a prime consideration when choosing appropriate drugs and surgical approaches.