Effects of the probiotic Bacillus subtilis (BP11 and BS11) on the growth and survival of Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei

Authors

  • P. Sapcharoen,

    1. Program in Biotechnology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
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  • S. Rengpipat

    Corresponding author
    1. Program in Biotechnology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    2. Department of Microbiology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    3. The Center of Excellence for Marine Biotechnology (CEMB), Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
    • Correspondence: Sirirat Rengpipat, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. E-mail: sirirat@sc.chula.ac.th

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Abstract

The effect of Bacillus S11 (BS11)- and/or Bacillus P11 (BP11)-supplemented feeds on the growth performance, survival, immunoenhancement and disease resistance of cultured Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, was evaluated. Four feeding treatments of (i) regular feed (control), (ii) BS11-supplemented feed, (iii) BP11-supplemented feed and (iv) BS11-and BP11-supplemented feed were prepared and used for shrimp cultivation in closed recirculating cement tanks (~400 L) in two trials, one for juvenile and PL-30 shrimp at 60 and 90 days, respectively. The results showed that BS11 gave a higher probiotic potential than BP11 for both age groups of L. vannamei in cultivation, because the average weight and survival of shrimp fed BS11-supplemented feed were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those of the control and the other two groups. The survival of shrimp fed either BS11-or both BS11-and BP11-supplemented feed was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that of the control group. In addition, the highest total haemocyte and granular haemocyte counts and phenoloxidase activity were found in shrimp fed with the BS11-supplemented feed. After challenge with Vibrio harveyi 639 (~107 CFU mL−1) by immersion, the lowest cumulative death (%) and disease resistance were clearly found in shrimp fed with the BS11-supplemented feed.

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