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Archaeology of a Naval Battlefield: H. L. Hunley and USS Housatonic



The American Civil War shipwrecks H. L. Hunley and USS Housatonic have been the focus of intensive archaeological investigations since the discovery of Hunley in 1995. H. L. Hunley, the world's first successful combat submarine, sank the Union blockader USS Housatonic in 1864, but sank immediately afterwards. In work done prior to the recovery of Hunley in 2000, site-formation processes for both vessels were a primary research focus—a necessary precursor to identifying battlefield behaviour. This paper presents research on the Hunley/Housatonic Naval Engagement Site, where both wrecks are treated as complementary components of a single battlefield site.

© 2006 The Authors